Certainly not asphalt. How do we make roads that won't suffer potholes, cracks or sink-holes. How will we go about making better roads than ever before, better than the auto ban. Not just smoother and less friction roads but how do we make roads that last and can be shared with more efficient cars, solar- powered cars for example. I was happy to learn… There are several types of material that are in long term testing, but most are a mix with asphalt as a base for cost and application reasons. One is basically using rubber pyramid shaped aggregate (instead of rock) for wear and traction purposes. It has shown good expansion and contraction durability so those annoying cracks across the road do not form, as well as potholes are less likely to get bigger (the rubber acts like a rip-stop). Another is an epoxy blend with traction grit (aluminum di oxide). It costs a fortune to put down initially but is basically bomb proof. It comes down to a trade off of several issues. First is, is it possible? Do you really need a road for hover cars? Second is cost. If you find a material that will last eons without being repaired for any reason, but is 970 million dollars a mile, who in the hell would want it? Third is durability. This also ties into cost, mostly for upkeep. Asphalt sucks, but is the best (so far) in "bang for the buck". It is also reasonably durable in all road conditions (summer in AZ to winter in AK). You mention a road with less friction. That scares me. What do you think holds a car onto the road as you go around a corner? A car tire (passenger touring) only has a contact patch of about 6 square inches. 4 tires gives you 24 square inches. Not much to stake your life on. A car that is traveling 70 MPH, wieghs 3200 lbs, on a strait road, dry condtitions, daytime, how long will it take to stop NOW. Too long for a lot of situations. Now make a smoother road with less friction, on a corner, raining, at night. I don't think we need to worry about more efficient cars sharing the road, they will all be sharing the ditch, or at least the body shop.
Pictures of building road. Purple ribbon on the cat for hannah roberts.
Could someone please tell me the main difference between a Civil Engineer and a Construction Engineer. Also which discipline has the best job out look, better starting salary, which one has the most potential for making the most money in the long run, and which is most in demand. From what I can tell… Civil engineers tell construction people what to do. I've worked in construction for about 10 years and have consulted with all types of engineers on various projects. I went to school for my engineering degree and graduated last year and am a couple years away from getting my license. Civil engineers (depending on what field they are in) design and spec out critical sections, road ways, soil structures, steel members, etc. . They deal with the loads involved in a project and they design for a specified life span with the predetermined conditions and usage. There is a lot of math involved with engineering, so if your not so good at it, then i'd advise you to pick a different major. A construction person takes the approved building plans and maps out a schedule and cost estimate for a project. It's like reading a set of instructions, they just need to figure what to do and in what order to complete the project in the allotted time and budget. Right now, depending in what market you are in, a civil engineer typically makes more starting off and makes more in the long run. With the construction industry being as slow as it is right now, neither field has much work available, but in the long run construction would not be possible without engineers. Engineers are more in demand since there are so few people in the US that actually put in the effort to become an engineer. It is not an easy thing to accomplish, it takes years of hard work and on top of that, you need to pass the licensing exam which is a bear in its self.
Students in Iowa State University's CCEE program talk about the differences between the two undergraduate degree programs within the unit, and how they plan . . .
Okay,, so I have to describe how the building regulations are applied to low rise domestic and commercial construction projects in the uk – state examples using approved documents and state how the regulation affects the design and construction process. Can someone please suggest me websites or give me information about this ( plus I dont really get what low rise domestic and commercial construction projects are) any info about that would also be very appreciated. Thank you (:. I was so glad to find this — The building regulations govern construction standards for all new buildings,mainly to make sure that they are safe and sustainable. The approved documents give detailed guidance how the regulations can be met. You can find them all at Low rise residential buildings are basically blocks of flats less than 6 storeys high, as anything bigger would be high rise.
. From what I can tell… I'm guessing this is about the transcontinental railroad. If thats the case, it caused more immigration by. . 1. Directly creating jobs, many immigrants migrated and worked for the railroad industry.
2. The Railroad industry itself allowed many other jobs across the US to be created due to the shipping of materials and goods to factories (which before weren't possible because there were no means of transportation. ) The materials used in factories allowed for faster production, which lead to the need for more workers, which lead to many immigrants coming to the US to work for low wages.
Railroad workers scramble to complete a length of track. 1900's,
This question is for musicians that are on the road . This is about amps and PA's that are constantly moved in and out of vehicles, in and out of clubs and lounges , and concerts, equipment that gets dropped, bumped, dragged, knocked over, shoved, transported in vehicles, and is still able to perform . What equipment are ya'll familiar with, that is dependable and being used out there on the road now adays. Basically… Most amps and PA equipment that have enough wattage for live shows are built pretty durably, as long as you go with an established brand. But if you're going to be traveling extensively, rather than gigging a couple times a month, it's worth investing in road cases. Those are pretty much indestructible and I've never seen a piece of equipment emerge from a road case in less than pristine condition (assuming it was pristine when packed in the case). Road cases are expensive — sometimes as much as the equipment they protect. But there are lots of used cases floating around in cyberspace and some of my friends have even built their own. Since they're made of wood and have metal reinforced corners and sometimes wheels, they're heavy. They also take up a lot of space in a van, though they stack much more neatly than unboxed equipment. I've never bothered with road cases since the longest time I've spent on the road in one stretch is five days. But my guitar amp is a late '70s Sunn model that's much heavier and more roadworthy than those I see in guitar stores. I'd wrap my bass amp head (a Fender, about 20 years old and comparable in durability to current models) in a blanket for transport. My bass cabinet was a huge 2×15 built from solid wood, so I just replaced the front mesh with metal grating, which kept the speakers safe from everything but liquids. My bandmates used pieces of felt-covered plywood between amps and cabinets and just made sure things were tightly packed into their vehicles before hitting the road. I'll post a link to an eBay store in Atlanta that sells lots of used road cases, in case you're interested.
Who would've thought when we were kids playing with our erector sets that we would be doing the exact same thing as adults? Steel building construction is not just a fad and makes fantastic financial sense. Even if steel prices continue to rise, the cost of building a prefabricated steel construction building is much less than you would pay for a traditionally constructed project. You might also have other cost-saving methods that you have not even considered.
If you were to talk to a steel building manufacturer, they would tell you the same thing: Building with steel is a fantastic proposition. The longevity and durability of steel and the labor cost savings that you would get with a prebuilt or pre-manufactured steel building makes for a sound financial investment.
If you still trying to find reasons why a steel building is your best bet to consider these:
Reason #1: Construction time has been reduced to less than half of the normal construction methods due to the fact that most of the components or pre-cut and pre-drilled at the factory.
Reason #2: Steel building construction is also cheaper to do its durability and lower maintenance requirements.
Reason #3: The use of steel is financially advantageous to the ability to hold up against problems that affect many other materials. Steel does not rot, steel is not susceptible to termites, or water damage.
Reason #4: Construction waste is reduced as the building is pre-cut in pre-manufactured to your exact specifications at the factory.
Reason #5: Lower impact on natural resources. No de-forestation and no pollution making for a better neighbor.
So as you can see, Steel is one of the best resources you can utilize for your next commercial or industrial building. While other construction methods have been preferred in the past, steel is the best choice for the future.
I was just deeded a piece of land. The tax value is 18k. My father is also a general contractor. My plan is to obtain a construction loan and have my father build at cost then turn around and finance the house when it's appraised to use the instant equity to pay off other debts. Will it help that I own the land and I will be having the house built at cost. Do you know what I found? Construction loans are generally based on what the house will appraise for after construction, not what it costs to construct it. Let's say a lender will give you a construction loan for 70% of the after construction appraised value. Your house, after construction, would appraise for $200,000. Your lender would then be offering a construction loan of $140,000. If you're building it at cost, it may not cost any more than that to build. It actually may cost less. So the benefit to you is that you won't need to use any of your own money to pay for the cost of construction. That same $140,000 loan would also need to cover the cost of the land if you didn't already own it, so therein is your benefit for already owning the land. Construction loans come and an end loan built into them and some of them carry prepayment penalties so make sure you let your lender know of your intention to immediately refinance the end loan so they can help determine which products would work for you or advise you as to how many payments you would need to make on the end loan before you could refinance it.
This video shows the simple animation of modern style of construction of houses in various stages like excavation work, foundation work, fixing of trusses, e. . .