I m planning a project on Primavera P3, I know everything about primavera so don't tell anything about primavera please. I am just asking it in engineering aspects that how can I get some standard working rate ( performance ), so that I can set durations for each activity. For example if I have a shuttering quantity of 2500 sft then how much man days will be required to complete it? Is there any manual for standard performance chart? I have searched it also but mostly I got the answer that it is based on experience but there must be some standard. I know in actual it is different at different site conditions but there must be some average of it. From what I can tell… This website goes someway towards what you are looking for, but as you say there does not seem to be any definitive work on average time taken for construction tasks.
Since the year 2000 when the Martinez Doctrine was promoted by the Orange County School District, of which Orlando schools is a part, and adopted by Orange County as a planning tool, problems have been building between the schools and the developers across the county. The Martinez Doctrine ensures that growth cannot take place if it overcrowds a current school or near an already overcrowded school. For the Orlando schools, their adversary is the Metro Orlando Home Builders Association (MOHBA).
Further strain was put on this tense relationship by the state's growth management law, which requires an infrastructure be in place to take care of new residents needs, such as non-overcrowded schools, roads, police, fire and so on, before development can commence. This slowdown of growth is good for the Orlando schools, allowing them an opportunity to catch up to the current level of growth and development.
In 2002, a halfpenny sales tax for Orange County and the Orlando schools was passed to provide $2 billion over a 13-year period. The plan was to build 25 new schools and renovate 136. According to the MOHBA, only three renovations will be completed by the end of 2006 at the cost of $50 million; and several renovation projects now have been converted to building replacements.
According to the Orlando schools, building and renovation efforts have been hampered by the state's class size amendment law, soaring construction and labor costs (which are expected to double), and state requirements for extensive background checks of construction laborers, which holds up building permits from three-to-six months. The class size amendment hit the hardest. The original plan was to eliminate the portable classroom buildings with new construction. The amendment created a need for 32 new schools instead of
25. In the meantime, it means seven additional portables at all elementary Orlando schools, putting the schools plan in chaos, taking money away from new construction and renovation funding to purchase additional portables, and increasing the number of Orlando schools students in portables to 40 percent.
The MOABA is charging that the school board is sitting on unused money, due to poor financial management. The association says that 10 new schools weren't built and renovations not made for this reason.
According to the Orlando schools, the funding was separated by the district schools by applying the halfpenny sales tax money to renovations and ad valorem funding to new construction. (Ad valorem is bondable revenue funding for new construction, based on the year-to-year difference in taxes collected. )
Kirk Sorenson, president of Government Solutions, a consulting firm hired by the association, says that the school district had $22. 5 million in ad valorem taxes and $282 million in unexpended sales tax revenue not being used. According to Orlando schools, much of this money isn't yet received but expected over the next few years.
The MOHBA has proposed a new plan to expedite new building and renovation construction for the Orlando schools, called the School Express. Though hiring the consulting firm and proposing the plan comes from self-preservation (many developers are leaving for friendlier-building areas in the state), the plan has its merits and could enhance the Orlando schools current program.
If the two groups can be brought together, the School Express will allow the following:
Approved developers will borrow money for new school construction from local banks, extending a line of credit to the Orlando schools, who will pay them back as the money is received from state taxes;Developers will get fast-track permitting for the Orlando schools construction, andThey will build each school in two years.
The school district held only one informal meeting on the proposal and may convene a panel to review it and make recommendations to the district's board. Orlando schools will surely participate in the process.
If the district approves the Express program, further approval will be required by the city of Orland, Orange County, and various other municipalities. If they do not approve it, the efforts made by the MOHBA at least opens dialog with the Orlando schools about solving the school construction problem.
(Quality Home Builders)(Quality Home Builder)(Macon)(Georgia) (Quality) (Homes) (Builders) (Middle Georgia) (Large . . .
I'm looking to build one that is decent but cheap. Decent as in just a entry level 10 speed. Using it for training and any road race. Probably getting something like this. Frame: Not sure of any, budget about 500USD Grouppo: Campy veloce 10spd Wheelset: Soul 4. 0 Contact point: Probably kcnc or ritchey wcs etc. Wouldnt mind spending abit more on this. Any advice on the component and around how much will this cost? Cheers. I was so glad to find this — Building a bike from parts is not the cheap way to go unless you are able to acquire parts at very low prices. This sort of question is asked often and the answer is always the same. Bike companies are able to buy component groups at highly discounted prices because they buy directly from the manufacturer in very large quantities. The parts are shipped to the factory in bulk packaging, further reducing costs. The actual cost of building the bike is not all that high, assembly lines are very efficient. When the bike is sold through a retailer, the markup is much less than it is on individual parts. All these factors work together to make a factory built bike cheaper than a bike built up from parts. Of course, if you want a specific component group and wheels that are not available in any factory built bike, you may have to go the build it yourself route. If you do enough shopping around, it might be possible to find the parts you you want at discounted prices, but it will take a lot of effort.
Soldiers from Task Force Arctic Wolves, 1st Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 25th Infantry Division clear roads and speak to locals about coalition presence in T. . .
Open to any information and feed back new/used brands $$$$$'s websites whatever you want to share abt this topic. After looking around, I learned — As the other posters have said, fit is the most important aspect. Most of the big names in bikes make a really good product but if it doesn't fit right it won't matter if you've got the "best" bike in the world. Go to a good shop that will work with you to this end. You don't need a custom built bike but there are so many different adjustments and component choices to help make a bike fit properly that it makes a lot of sense to go to a shop willing to work with you. I came from Mt Biking and worked as a bike mechanic for a few years. I worked on road bikes all the time and when I would test ride them none of them ever felt right. It put me off getting one for years. Then when I broke down and got a road bike, our roadie experts took the time to fit me. Everything from frame size (and many companies measure differently) to stem length to bar width to crank length to seat placement was considered. The first time I ever got on my road bike it felt perfect, I was instantly comfortable on it. As far as what to get, I would focus on a good frameset that will perform how you want and last a long time. You can save a little money by going with lower end components but be sure to get something that is upwards compatible so when a part wears out or you want to upgrade you can trade up. On my bike, the most significant performance increasing item I upgraded was my wheelset. A light, stiff, hand built wheel will probably give you the most bang for your buck and don't forget quality tires. Again, your local bike shop will be a good resource, don't be afraid to go in and ask questions. Good luck.
Welcome to the 2013 Tracey Road Equipment Open House.
I am involved in a project that is using Cold Mix Asphalt Concrete for the construction of some Arterial Roads. What I really want to know is how effective it can be used for this project and the benefits it has over Hot Mix Asphalt Concrete(HMAC). Do you know what I found? Cold mix asphalt is produced by mixing bitumen emulsion or cutback with cold aggregates, sometimes also with addition of anti-stripping agents. Cold mix asphalt it has been used in the past as temporary patching material or if hot mix asphalt is not available. But there are have been a number of researches for improving quality of cold mix. The benefits they have over hot mix is that they can be used at low temperatures and they can be stockpiles for six months or so after production. There are lot of things about cold mixes: For more information send me email at annam@sun. Ac. Za I'm doing research on cold mixes,
This video describes the use of all types of plastics waste in the construction of ASPHALT ROAD.
What is the difference between this and regular commercial construction. I was happy to learn… Light Commercial development would be a single commercial enterprise or a strip mall. Regular commercial development would be a Big Box store or a Mall. The difference from an engineering point would be the need for parking, emergency exits and fire and safety considerations. There is a different concern in getting people to safety from the Great American Mall than the local 7-11. The importance may be the same but the logistics would be different.
Construction Video Steve Ford — Interviewer Casey Whitsett — Project Engineer Ryan Turner — Project Engineer Jim Amundson — Principal Here is an . . .
If someone with knowledge can please let me know if I choose a low grade meaning builders grade vinyl siding and builders grade house wrap, will that material last over 15 years closer to 20 years? I am looking at using builders grade material instead of the thicker grade material. I just want to make sure it will last me atleast min 15 to 20 years. Well, I have your answer. Builder's grade vinyl siding is designed to meet one basic criteria – low cost. Builders want to sell the home at maximum margin and most buyers never consider things like the quality of the components installed including siding, doors, windows, heating and cooling system, roofing, etc. Almost all siding made today is coextruded with the top ply 3 – 6 mil thick and the balance made of less light stable vinyl formulation. A vinyl panel will wear an average of 0. 05 mils / year so even a 3 mil top layer will be intact on average for over 30 years. Builder's grade vinyl is thinner (some as thin as 20 mil vs premium panel at 35 – 40 mil) and more prone to warp, heat distortion (called oil caning in the industry), and if it lacks sufficient impact modifier it will crack in very cold weather. Not only is it thinner, it is more brittle. Proper installation is key regardless of the vinyl quality. Most complaints about poor looking product is from improper installation and the most common fault is improper nailing (either too tight or direct nailing). A single panel length can vary by over 1 inch from the hottest day to the coldest day; vinyl when properly installed, will be able to handle this and still look nicely. Even the builder panel, properly installed will look nicely. The price difference of a vinyl siding job, labor and material, is not that different for builder grade vs a premium grade. Labor is still the major cost. Redoing the job in 15 – 20 years consumes twice the labor, because the old is removed and new is installed over it. (Roofing is pretty much the same way). I would recommend using a better grade panel.
So what exercises work lower pecs and which work upper pecs. My standard . . .